Cultural Heritage, Sustainable Development Goals, and International Organizations
For the first time Cultural Heritage has been included as a target area for UN Habitat’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs establish benchmarks for the nations of the world over the next 15 years. This month’s PresPoll asked respondents if they were aware of the inclusion of Cultural Heritage in the SDGs, and whether they thought they would influence policy at various levels of government. We also asked about the perceived effectiveness of various international organizations that deal with heritage conservation.
Around a third of all respondents were from countries other than the United States and included survey takers from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, India, Italy, Latvia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Romania, South Africa, South Korea, Taiwan, and Turkey.
But international respondents had much greater confidence that the goals would influence governmental policy at all three levels than did those from the United States. Although the SDGs are usually seen as national targets, international survey takers thought it would be at the local government level where influencing public policy would be most likely.
Our final two questions asked about how effective various organizations are in advocacy for and in implementation of heritage conservation. In every instance international respondents rated as more effective all of the organizations for both advocacy and implementation.
These generally low “effectiveness” ratings by US respondents are not, however because of a high “Not Effective” response, but rather simply not knowing about the organizations. Other than the UNESCO World Heritage Center and the World Monuments Fund, over half of US respondents said they didn’t know the effectiveness of the organizations.
So what are the major takeaways from PresPoll 6?